How does the African-Canadian community, which is diverse, multicultural, multiethnic, and multilingual, become a part of Canadian society or feel a part of Canadian society? Being Black is at once about the identity you have developed as it interacts with the society around you, and society reflecting back to you an image of what it defines you to be. Identity is static, fluid, real, and virtual depending on the circumstances. How have Black peoples learned who they are, when the major institutions of learning have not included them? What are the ways and means that the African-Canadian community has used to come together as a group despite their differences? How have other Canadians come to know who and what a person of African origin might be? What does it mean to be bi-racial or of mixed heritage: how do you see yourself; how do others see you? How do other social constructs or ideas such as sexism, ableism, ageism, or sexual orientation, connect and intersect with being Black, being seen as being a member of the Black community, or being fully accepted in Canadian society?
As we learn more about ourselves and other groups, will we see complete integration? Is this desirable? What supports full participation as a Canadian citizen? What supports the formation of an identity as an African-Canadian? What is a Canadian?
Integration not isolation needed
A letter to the editor about proposed Africentric schools in Toronto. From the Toronto Star.
Centre of Integration for African Immigrants
An information page for the Centre of Integration for African Immigrants in British Columbia.
Many Rivers to Cross
Learn how Black Canadians overcame adversity and achieved success in Canadian society.
About the history of the Black community in Canada. From The Canadian Encyclopedia.
I am Canadian
Why more citizens in this country refer to themselves as Canadian. From Statistics Canada. A pdf file.
Ethnic and Race Relations
How various ethnic groups interact within Canadian society. From The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Canada’s ethnocultural portrait: The changing mosaic
Scroll down to the last section “Increasing complexity of ethnic reporting.”
Ethnic Diversity Survey: portrait of a multicultural society
Scroll down to page 12 for details about the integration of minorities into Canadian society. A pdf file.