Caribbean Heritage

The Caribbean population has continued to grow since the world wars. With the change in the immigration policy, the changes themselves being the results of Black agitation, Black women were able to come to Canada to work as domestics in the 1950s. As the policy opened Canada up to accept additional immigrants, Black people came from the Caribbean, Europe, the United States, and South America, dramatically increasing the African-Canadian population.

Heading to the major cities, people largely from Jamaica, Barbados, Haiti, and Trinidad have impacted Canadian culture, with their ideas, foods, and music. In 1967, as a Canadian Centennial Project, Black people from Canada, Africa, and the Caribbean created the festival that we now call Caribana, outgrowth of the Canadian Negro Women’s Association Calypso Carnival, timed to coincide with the 1 August public holiday. It has become one of the largest annual festivals in North America attracting one million people to the Toronto “jump up” route.

The Blacks in Canada
The Blacks in Canada investigates the French and English periods of slavery, the abolitionist movement in Canada, and the role played by Canadians in the broader continental antislavery crusade.

West Indians
About the history of the West Indian community in Canada. From The Canadian Encyclopedia.

The Caribbean Community in Canada
A detailed profile of the Caribbean community in Canada. From Statistics Canada.

Foreign Writers on Canada in French
This article includes references to recent Haitian authors. From The Canadian Encyclopedia.