Racism is a stronger form of stereotyping where the ideas that one holds about others makes a person dislike or hate members of that particular group. Some people feel that certain races are better than others. It affects the group that is marginalized. If you are not a member of the “superior” group you may come to dislike yourself since these ideas about who is supposed to be better or lesser are often known and shared in society. If you are part of the main group, you may be basing your ideas on incorrect information. Attitude shaping is a process that happens over time. Racism is not an African-Canadian problem; it is a Canadian problem.

Anti-racism is a strategy to challenge how differences are given a negative meaning. Racist ideas can become so well accepted that only through working with race as the focal point within other issues, such as ableism (handicapped), classism (wealth and privilege), and sexism, that change can come about. We are not all the same. If racism is a process, then anti-racism needs to examine the factors that contribute and sustain racism so that they can be transformed or changed. So this means that we have to examine ourselves, our institutions, and our systems to challenge racist ideas in ourselves and our society. It is much more than not calling others racist names; it is an active and deep examination followed by a plan for change.

Historical Roots: Blacks in Nova Scotia
An extensive website featuring online reproductions of books, documents, photographs and other resources pertaining to Black Nova Scotia heritage and culture. From Dalhousie University Archives & Special Collections. Note: some large PDF files.

The Computer Centre Incident
An article about the 1969 riot at Sir George Williams Univeristy (a precursor to today's Concordia University) which started with a student protest against a professor accused of racism. From the Concordia University website.

Rosie the Red Takes Power
This 2000 profile of Rosie Douglas, the Prime Minister of Dominica, includes references to his role in the “computer riot” at Sir George Williams University. From Saturday Night magazine.

Ann Cools
Brief note about the life and career of Ann Cools from the Black communities in Canada website.

Glossary of Terms
Definitions of racism and related issues. From the Saskatchewan Ministry of Learning.

Brief introduction to racism and associated subjects. A University of Manitoba website.

An article about racism and anti-racism legislation in Canada. From The Canadian Encyclopedia.

Ethnic and Race Relations
How various ethnic groups interact in Canada. From The Canadian Encyclopedia.

For your reference: Timeline (1492–2000)
About Nova Scotia Black history, racism, and human rights. From shunpiking magazine.

Human Rights Milestones
About historic legal rulings that affected the human rights of Canadians. With teachers’ guides.

Black Loyalist
About the first race riot in North America in Shelburne, Nova Scotia.

African Canadian Legal Clinic
The website for the African Canadian Legal Clinic, a resource centre for individuals and other organizations dealing with racial discrimination.

Where Race Does Not Matter
An excerpt from the book Where Race Does Not Matter: The New Spirit of Modernity. A University of Guelph website.

Mary Ann Shadd
Brief review of Rosemary Sadlier’s book Mary Ann Shadd: Publisher, Editor, Teacher, Lawyer, Suffragette. From the Manitoba Library Association.